Bluegrass Martial Arts 

Glossary

Shii – stance, posture

Cho – first in a series, -, also a horizontal cut 

Jar – two-person interactive flow drill exercise 

Maka – saber bind, when two swords meet with equal force in opposing directions and arrive at a momentary stalemate 

Sequence – portion of a Jar or Velocity that becomes a Djem 

Djem – to destroy or kill, an exercise pattern where one party looses 

Dulon – multiple Djems arranged in pattern dealing with several attackers, and the only transmittion format that can be trained without a partner, also rear overhead Tai Cortay for a horizontal attack to the back 

Velocity – Djem that ends with a reversal of roles between Trill and Xesh 

Trill – The person acting as the aggressor in the Djem exercise, Taken from the symbol for the Aurebesh letter it represents, can also mean to move backwards or retreat 

Xesh – The person performing the technique in the Djem exercise, Taken from the symbol for the Aurebesh letter it represents, can also mean to move forward or advance 

So – having one weapon, single sword 

Soresu - lit. to not be there, to dodge, escape, or avoid

Kai – double swords, having two weapons, =, also second in a series 

Cresh – Reverse, in reference to an attack from behind or in reference to use of the reverse grip, taken from the symbol for the Aurebesh letter it represents, can also mean unexpected or surprised 

So Cresh – single sword reverse grip 

Kai Cresh – double sword reverse grips 

Kai Xe-Cresh – right hand forward grip, left hand reverse grip 

Sun – right side, weapon arm: defensive/covering your right side, offensive/attacking opponent's right side 

Moon – left side, free arm: defensive/covering your left side, offensive/attacking opponent's right side 

Cha – high area, shoulder and head height 

Mai – middle area, waste to shoulder level 

Tai – low area, knee to waste level 

Krenth – Kneeling position, Taken from the symbol for the Aurebesh letter it represents 

Aurek – Outward, pushing away from one’s centerline, Taken from the symbol for the Aurebesh letter it represents, can also mean visible or unobstructed 

Thesh – Inward, pulling in towards one’s centerline, Taken from the symbol for the Aurebesh letter it represents, can also mean hidden or obstructed 

Sun Djem – the disarming of an opponent, destroying or removing the weapon without harming them 

Moon Shien – clockwise parry that moves the opponent's blade off line without breaking contact with their blade

Sun Shien – counterclockwise parry that moves the opponent's blade off line without breaking contact with their blade

Vaapad – lit. to struggle against the unknown 

Footwork and Movement

Kessel Run – forward push drag 

Pod Binder – replacement step 

Xesh Cresh Step - front cross step

Trill Cresh Step - rear cross step

Krenth Hut Slide – Knee walking 

Krenth Hut Ataru – Kneeling Jump to switch position 

Xesh Tallon Roll – forward Ukemi 

Trill Tallon Roll – backward Ukemi 

Ataru – to leap 

Juyo – to spin, turn, rotate 

Moon Juyo – left turn, counterclockwise pivot 

Sun Juyo – right turn, clockwise pivot 

Jung – 180% turn, about face 

Jung Ma – 360% spin 

Movement: Cuts and Blocks

Sai - downward vertical cut to opponent’s center line, to bisect opponent vertically in half 

Falling Leaf – Ataru to descend with a powerful Sai 

Cho - horizontal cut, also first in a series 

Sweep - upward vertical cut to opponent’s center line, to bisect opponent vertically in half 

Mok - cut that crosses from one side to the other 

Sok – Sai that rebounds back to the place it originated 

Toe – Cho that rebounds back to the side it originated 

Sep – Sweep that rebounds back to the side it originated 

Tok - Mok that rebounds back to the side it originated 

Orbital - cut that circles body to end back where it started 

Shun – fanning cut with quick wrist flick 

Sai Orbital – downward vertical cut that ends back where it started 

Cho Orbital – horizontal cut that ends back where it started 

Mok Orbital – diagonal cut that ends back where it started 

Sweep Orbital – upward vertical cut that ends back where it started 

Sai Shun – downward vertical fanning cut 

Cho Shun – horizontal fanning cut 

Sai-Cho – simultaneous opposing vertical scissoring cuts 

Cho-Sai – simultaneous opposing horizontal scissoring cuts 

Sai-Cho-Mok – simultaneous opposing diagonal scissoring cuts 

Moon Sai – right side downward vertical cut to opponent’s left shoulder, to amputate the opponent’s left arm 

Sun Sai – left side downward vertical cut to opponent’s right shoulder, to amputate the opponent’s right arm, a way to disarm 

Moon Sai Mok – right to left inward downward diagonal cut across opponent’s torso, a killing blow, considered a form of decapitation 

Sun Sai Mok – left to right outward downward diagonal cut across opponent’s torso, a killing blow, considered a form of decapitation 

Moon Sweep – right side upward vertical cut to opponent’s left arm, to amputate the opponent’s left arm 

Sun Sweep – left side upward vertical cut to opponent’s right arm, to amputate the opponent’s right arm, a way to disarm 

Moon Sweep Mok – right to left inward upward diagonal cut to opponent’s torso, a killing blow, considered a form of decapitation 

Sun Sweep Mokleft to right outward upward diagonal cut to opponent’s torso, a killing blow, considered a form of decapitation 

Moon Cha Cho – right to left high inward horizontal cut to opponent’s neck, a killing blow, a form of decapitation 

Sun Cha Cho – left to right high outward horizontal cut to opponent’s neck, a killing blow, a form of decapitation 

Moon Mai Cho – right to left middle inward horizontal cut to opponent’s waste, a killing blow, to bisect opponent at the waste 

Sun Mai Cho – left to right middle outward horizontal cut to opponent’s waste, a killing blow, to bisect opponent at the waste 

Cho Mai – to amputate opponent’s right hand, a form of disarming 

Moon Mai Cho Orbital – middle right to left horizontal cut that circles waste (saber staff) to end where it started 

Sun Mai Cho Orbital – middle left to right horizontal cut that circles waste (saber staff) to end where it started 

Moon Tai Cho – right to left low inward horizontal cut to opponent’s knee, to amputate opponent’s legs 

Sun Tai Cho – left to right low outward horizontal cut to opponent’s knee, to amputate opponent’s legs 

Mou Key – a forbidden move, to amputate all opponent’s limbs in one arcing cut 

Cortay – to block, to meet opponent’s attack with an opposing direction of force equal to or greater than the attacking force, derived from Cortosis: rare metal capable of resisting even a Lightsaber 

Moon Cha Cortay – high rising left side block, horizontal, saber points left 

Sun Cha Cortay – high rising right side block, horizontal, saber points right 

Moon Mai Cortay – right to left inward block, vertical saber points up 

Sun Mai Cortay – left to right outward block, vertical saber points up 

Moon Tai Cortay – right to left inward block, vertical saber points down 

Sun Tai Cortay – left to right outward block, vertical saber points down 

Dulon Cortay – rear overhead Tai Cortay for a horizontal attack to the back 

Beskar – to parry, to meet opponent’s attack with a direction of force great enough to deflect the attack, derived from Beskar: Mandalorian metal strong enough to withstand a glancing Lightsaber attack, but not a direct cut 

Sun Sai Beskar – right side downward vertical drop parry, often used to deflect the Sun Mai Cho attack 

Phrik – defensive move where saber is used to follow behind opponent’s sword in complementary direction to force opponent’s cut past the target, derived from Phrik: a metallic compound used in the construction on the hulls of military space craft, strong enough to slow the Lightsaber cut but not stop it 

Flowing Water – to follow behind opponent’s blade in complementary direction with counter attack, usually after the Maka saber bind 

Shiim – controlled stop, Cutting at full speed and stopping just short of contact 

Shiak – thrust 

Cha Shiak – high center thrust to opponent’s throat 

Mai Shiak – middle center thrust to opponent’s solar plexus 

Tai Shiak – low center thrust to opponent’s abdomen 

Moon Cha Shiak – high right inward thrust to opponent’s left shoulder 

Sun Cha Shiak – high left outward thrust to opponent’s right shoulder 

Moon Mai Shiak – middle right inward thrust to opponent’s left side torso 

Sun Mai Shiak – middle left outward thrust to opponent’s right side torso 

Moon Tai Shiak – low right inward thrust to opponent’s left thigh 

Sun Tai Shiak – low left outward thrust to opponent’s right thigh 

Zenith – lightsaber blade points up 

Nadir – lightsaber blade points down 

Photosphere – orbital pivoting at the wrist 

Chromosphere – orbital pivoting at the elbow 

Coronosphere – orbital pivoting at the shoulder 

Photo Shien – small circular parry pivoting at the wrist, commonly used in Makashi 

Chromo Shien – medium circular parry pivoting at the elbow, commonly used in Shien 

Corono Shien – large circular parry pivoting at the shoulder used to pivot around opponent 

Waddel – any behavior unbecoming of the Jedi order, acting like a Poodoo, or just being a royal Teedee, (insufferable jerk) 

Dun Moch – psychological warfare during combat to distract the opponent 

Sokan – to use the environment to one’s advantage, such as having the higher ground, or keeping ones back to the Sun 

Trakata – turning off the laser sword blade mid combat to ten ignite the blade again for an advantageous attack, or killing thrust 

Kai-Kan – Dulon reenactment of a famous battle from the days of the Old Republic 

Snake Ascending a Waterfall – part of a Dulon 

Mountain Storm – part of a Dulon done from a leg split position with intricate pattern of orbitals 

Praetoria Ishu – defensive strategy used by team of Jedi to surround and protect another individual or group 

Praetoria Vonil – offensive strategy used by a team of Jedi to advance in front of another individual or group cutting a safe passage

Voren Faalo - famous Lightsaber Duelist and instructor who first cataloged the seven original Lightsaber forms of Shii Cho, Makashi, Shien/Djem So, Ataru, Soresu, Jar' Kai, and Juyo (Shien as a form of its own, and Vapaad were developed long after his time, and He was not a Niman and never collected their teachings)   

“Solah” – “I yeld, you win”

Bluegrass Martial Arts

2506 Plantside Dr, Louisville, KY 40299

(502) 499-4050