Lightsaber Combat Forms
Shii Cho - Balanced form of both offensive and defensive movements. Roughly every Force sensitive student was taught this form when first handed a laser sword. Transmitted by way of the Jar, two-person interactive flow drill, Shii Cho is where all Jedi training begins
Makashi - Aggressive form for one on one dueling, and characterized by the use of a curved-hilt laser sword to enable small Shien, circular parries, into the Shiak, thrust. Makashi is transmitted by way of the Sequence, a short series of movements meant to be used in real time dueling to disarm or dispatch an opponent.
Djem So - Ancient aggressive form of battlefield combat commonly associated with the practice of its followers using the Force to augment their strength and endurance, sometimes characterized by the use of the reverse grip. Djem So is transmitted by way of the Djem, meaning destruction, a one on one reenactment of a battle as recorded by the winner.
Ataru - Defensive form of battlefield combat commonly associated with the practice of its followers using the Force to augment their speed and agility. Ataru, is one of the most acrobatic and impressive forms to behold. Ataru means to jump, and is transmitted by way of the Dulon, formal arrangement of several Djem strung together.
Soresu - Defensive form for one on one dueling, that gained immense popularity during the years of peace between the Old Republic and the rise of the Empire, characterized by the masterful use of timing and distance to defeat an opponent with the non lethal Shiim, controlled stop. Soresu is transmitted by way of the Velocity, a Djem that ends with both parties switching roles of attacker and receiver.
Shien - More recent form developed with the introduction of the galactic war, to combat the unpredictable style of the sith, closely resembling the older Soresu form it is based on, with the distinction of the use of the larger Shien, circular parry, and the Maka, saber bind, for maintaining contact with the opponent's blade, and the heavy use of Sun Djem, disarming or destroying the opponent's weapon. Shien is transmitted by way of the Sequence.
Niman - More a philosophy than a form of lightsaber combat, this was the form for Jedi in exile. Niman followers were just, if not more, able to defeat an armed enemy with out any weapon. This form is characterized by the use of heavy Force attacks along with, or instead of saber combat. Niman is transmitted by way of the Velocity.
Jar'Kai - Aggressive form characterized by the use of two swords, often used to gain an advantage against a more skilled opponent by using the sword from a fallen comrade, and transmitted by the two man flow pattern it is named after, the Jar.
Juyo - Highly aggressive, almost purely attack oriented form, believed to be lost during the years of peace. Characterized by the use of the unique double-ended saber staff, like Ataru, Juyo is a highly acrobatic form. Juyo means to spin or turn, and is transmitted by way of the Dulon.
Vaapad - More recent form developed with the introduction of the galactic war, to combat the unpredictable fighting style of the sith, created in secret and never transmitted. Vaapad can now only be researched in the files of the Jedi archives, as the first generation being prepared to learn it was slaughtered in their youth in the attack on the home Jedi temple at Coruscant. Vaapad is characterized by the use of two swords, one short one long, and has the most content of all the forms. Vaapad was intended to be transmitted by way of the Djem.